|Languedoc-Roussillon (Occitan: Lengadòc-Rosselhon; Catalan: Llenguadoc-Rosselló) is one of the 26 régions of France.
The région is made up of the following historical provinces:
- 68.7% of Languedoc-Roussillon is the province of Languedoc: départements of Hérault, Gard, Aude, extreme south and extreme east of Lozère, and extreme north of Pyrénées-Orientales. The former province of Languedoc also extends over the Midi-Pyrénées région, including the old capital of Languedoc Toulouse.
- 17.9% of Languedoc-Roussillon is the province of Gévaudan: Lozère département. A small part of Gévaudan is also inside the Auvergne région. Gévaudan is often considered to be a sub-province inside the province of Languedoc, in which case Languedoc accounts for 86.6% of Languedoc-Roussillon.
- 13.4% of Languedoc-Roussillon is a collection of culturally Catalan comarcas: Roussillon, Vallespir, Conflent, Capcir, and Cerdagne, all of which located from east to west inside the Pyrénées-Orientales département.
- All of these comarcas were part of the Ancient Regime province of Roussillon, owning its name to the largest and most populous of the former counties, Roussillon. "Province of Roussillon and adjacent lands of Cerdagne" was indeed the officially used name when the area became under French jurisdiction in 1659 after the Treaty of the Pyrenees. This was adopted based on the historical division of the five comarcas between the county of Roussillon (Roussillon and Vallespir) and the county of Cerdagne (Cerdagne, Capcir, and Conflent).
- Catalan nationalists prefer to use the name Northern Catalonia (Catalan: Catalunya Nord), which do not currently have any official recognition.
- Finally, it should be noted that only the northern half of Cerdagne is inside the French région. The southern half of Cerdagne is on Spanish territory, since the very Treaty of Pyrinees divided Cerdagne. Catalan-speaking community refer to French part of Cerdagne as "High Cerdagne" (Alta Cerdanya), but this name has no official recognition in France.